Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Treatment of Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia in Parkinson’s Disease

Aktham Ismail Alemam, Mohamed Abdelhalim Eltantawi

Abstract


Background: Dyskinesia is one of the major complications of long-term dopaminergic treatment of Parkinson’s disease (PD), and deep brain stimulation may be the only satisfactory treatment for it. This study aims to search if there is any therapeutic effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) in PD patients.

Methods: This study was conducted in Mansoura International Specialized Hospital in 43 complicated idiopathic PD patients. The patients with LID were divided into two groups matched in age, sex, duration and stage of the disease. Dyskinesia was detected by the Unified PD Rating Scale section IV. The patients of the study group (20 patients) received active rTMS, 5 Hz was applied bilaterally over the motor hand and leg areas of the cortex, in 20 trains, and each train is formed of 100 pulses, with 20-s inter-train interval. Ten sessions were administered once per day for 10 successive days for each patient. The patients of the control group (20 patients) received sham rTMS.

Results: After rTMS, there was significant improvement in LID in the study group (P < 0.001), while there was no improvement in the control one (P = 0.585). As regards to the LID clinical presentations, there was no significant difference between the two groups according to dyskinesia duration (P = 0.246), disability (P = 0.425) and early morning dystonia (P = 0.059), while there was significant improvement of painful dyskinesia in the study group (P = 0.046).

Conclusions: The rTMS may have an additional therapeutic benefit for LID. Further studies may put the best rTMS parameters to establish more prominent and longer-lasting clinical effects.




J Neurol Res. 2019;9(3):28-34
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jnr512


Keywords


Parkinson’s disease; rTMS; Dyskinesia

Full Text: HTML PDF
 
Home     |     Log In     |      About     |      Search     |      Current     |      Archives     |      Submit      |     Subscribe


 

     

Aims and Scope

Current Issues

Conflict of Interest

About Publisher

Editorial Board

Archives

Copyright

Company Profile

Editorial Office

Misconduct and Retraction

Permissions

Company Registration

Contact Us

Abstracting and Indexing

ICMJE

Ownership

Instructions to Authors

Access

Declaration of Helsinki

Contact Publisher

Submission Checklist

Reprints

Terms of Use

Company Address

Submit a Manuscript

Open Access Policy

Privacy Policy

Browse Journals

Publishing Fee

Publishing Policy

Disclaimer

Recent Highlights

Peer-Review Process

Publishing Quality

Code of Ethics

Advertising Policy

Manuscript Tracking

Advanced Search

For Librarians

Careers

Publishing Process

Publication Frequency

For Reviewers

Propose a New Journal

       
       

Journal of Neurology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2845 (print), 1923-2853 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.neurores.org   editorial contact: editor@neurores.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

DECLARATION: THIS JOURNAL SITE OUTLOOK IS DESIGNED BY THE PUBLISHER AND COPYRIGHT PROTECTED. DO NOT COPY!