Impact of Cervical Collar and Patient Position on the Cerebral Blood Flow

David Wampler, Brian Eastridge, Rena Summers, Preston Love, Anand Dharia, Ali Seifi

Abstract


Background: Spinal protection during emergency medical service (EMS) transport after trauma has become a focus of debate. Historically, patients at risk for spine injury are transported in a rigid collar, long spineboard and headblocks. The cervical collar (c-collar) is hypothesized to provide stabilization for the cervical spine. However, little is known how the c-collar affects cervical blood flow.

Methods: Cerebral blood flow was measured in multiple conditions using a non-invasive cerebral blood flow monitor to establish cerebral blood flow index (CBFI). The CBFI data were collected at: standing, sitting, 45°, 30°, 10° or 15°, and supine, with and without c-collar. Descriptive statistics were used for CBFI in each condition, and parametric statistical methods were utilized to determine the significance of changes in CBFI.

Results: Five volunteers were recruited, and each tested in six positions with and without c-collar. Mean age was 49 (standard deviation (SD) 15) years and 60% were male. The CBFI mean of means was 71.0 with and 69.4 without the c-collar. Only one subject demonstrated a statistically significant difference in CBFI with c-collar. The CBFI mean of means for position was 72.6 for head of bed less than 30° and 68.1 for greater than 30°. All subjects demonstrated > 99% confidence for a statistically significant difference in CBFI when dichotomized using head of bed at 30°.

Conclusions: Head of the bed position has greater influence on CBFI than the c-collar . Clinical significance in healthy volunteers is unknown but this change in cerebral blood flow may have clinical significance in traumatic brain injury or neurologic conditions that compromise autoregulation.




J Neurol Res. 2020;10(5):177-182
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jnr611

Keywords


Cervical collars; Head of bed elevation; Autoregulation; Cerebral perfusion; Cerebral blood flow

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