Use of Continuous Infusions of Eptifibatide and Cangrelor in Large Vessel Occlusion Acute Ischemic Stroke After Emergent Carotid Artery Stenting

Shaheryar Hafeez, Pegah Ghamasaee, Sharmin Amjad, Colleen Barthol, Ramesh Grandhi

Abstract


Placement of carotid stents in the setting of large vessel occlusion (LVO) is sometimes necessary in patients with steno-occlusive disease of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) or ICA dissection. Use of antiplatelet agents is required to prevent in-stent thrombosis; however, after an LVO, a decompressive hemicraniectomy may be necessary. After placement of a carotid stent, a fine balance must be obtained between preventing stent-related thromboembolic complications while also maintaining the possibility of quickly and safely performing a decompressive hemicraniectomy, if indicated. In this case, we discuss the novel use of continuous eptifibatide and cangrelor infusions after carotid stent placement to maintain stent patency, while preserving the option of emergent hemicraniectomy. A 55-year-old man presented with left hemispheric ischemic symptoms due to flow failure from a left ICA dissection. He underwent emergent angiography with angioplasty and stenting of the petrous and ascending cervical segments of the left ICA. The procedure was complicated by an embolization of thrombus to a left middle cerebral artery (MCA) M2 division branch, resulting in an occlusion, which could not be opened. The patient was placed on short acting intravenous antiplatelet agents (eptifibatide infusion for 60 h and cangrelor infusion for 24 h) for prevention of in-stent thrombosis while under close observation for potential neurologic decline and need for decompressive hemicraniectomy. After 84 h of observation, the patient did not experience a decline and the antiplatelet infusions were discontinued after he received aspirin and a loading dose of clopidogrel. Intravenous eptifibatide or cangrelor infusions are short-acting antiplatelet options that can be used in patients with acute ischemic stroke from LVO in the setting of ICA stent placement when there exists a potential for decompressive hemicraniectomy.




J Neurol Res. 2020;10(3):99-103
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jnr591


Keywords


Internal carotid artery dissection; Middle cerebral artery occlusion; Emergent internal carotid artery stent; Eptifibatide; Cangrelor; P2Y12; GP IIb/IIIa; Ischemic stroke

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