A Review of Non-Invasive Methods of Monitoring Intracranial Pressure

Derek Pobi Asiedu, Kyoung-Jae Lee, Godfrey Mills, Elsie Effah Kaufmann

Abstract


Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring is an important aspect of neuro-medicine. ICP is the pressure created by the presence of cerebrospinal fluid. ICP monitoring techniques consist of invasive (in vivo) and non-invasive methods (in vitro). Modern research aims to eliminate invasive monitoring of ICP and promote non-invasive methods of monitoring ICP. This review aims to assess the current methods and research related to non-invasive monitoring of ICP. Invasive methods of monitoring ICP remain the most accurate methods of measuring ICP but are associated with many complications. This review discusses the current approaches, advantages and disadvantages of these approaches in ICP monitoring. A critical study of the literature review demonstrates that for accuracy and precision, an innovative non-invasive method for ICP monitoring is needed. There is more room for further research and development in ICP monitoring. A universal method of ICP monitoring is needed and not for a class or group of patients.




J Neurol Res. 2014;4(1):1-6
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jnr269w

Keywords


Review; Non-invasive; Intracranial pressure; Monitoring

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